New words – 5 December 2016

Westend61/Getty
Westend61/Getty

nutricosmetics noun [plural] UK/ˌnjuː.tri.kɒzˈmet.ɪks/ US /ˌnuː.trikɑːzˈmet̬.ɪks/
substances, especially in the form of a liquid or a pill, that are intended to improve your appearance

Nutricosmetics – beauty products you ingest rather than apply – promise everything from firmer skin to thicker hair. That’s the future, according to trend forecasters … these powders, drinks and pills are set to radically change our beauty routines.
[Stylist 21 June 2016]

blood spa noun [C] /ˈblʌd ˌspɑː/
a place where blood is analysed and special beauty treatments given according to the results

Blood spas aren’t as gory as you’d think. While blood is at the heart of the treatment, your plasma and platelets won’t actually be used in your facial or massage – at least not all the time.
[www.brit.co 13 October 2016]

microblading noun [U] /ˈmaɪ.krə.bleɪd.ɪŋ/
a method of making eyebrows look thicker that uses a special tool to inject ink under the skin

Eyebrow trends come and go, from thin and sharp to bold and bushy à la Cara Delevingne and basically every other model who’s been hot in the past few years. But the latest trend we can’t get enough of is microblading, a new tattoo technique that fills brows out or reshapes them by drawing on tiny lines that look like individual hairs.
[www.today.com 05 September 2016]

About new words

New words – 28 November 2016

OcusFocus/iStock/Getty Images Plus
OcusFocus/iStock/Getty Images Plus

glass wall noun [C usually singular] UK /ˌglɑːs ˈwɔːl/ US /ˌglæs ˈwɑːl/
a barrier to becoming accepted or included at work, usually affecting women or minority groups

The ‘glass wall’ that divides men and women they argue, is the new glass ceiling. Women aren’t just being overlooked for the next promotion; they are being shut out behind a glass wall by male-oriented office culture.
[Marie Claire 07 September 2016]

brass ceiling noun [C usually singular] UK /ˌbrɑːs ˈsi:lɪŋ/ US /ˌbræs ˈsi:lɪŋ/
a point after which someone, usually a woman, cannot reach a higher position in the military

Mariette Kalinowski, a former Marine, writes in the New York Times that while the “brass ceiling” is cracked, it is not gone because the military culture of hypermasculinity has not yet changed.
[www.linkedin.com 09 February 2016]

man tax noun [C or U] /ˈmæn ˌtæks/
a tax that has to be paid only by men

Owners of a New York City independent pharmacy recently imposed a one-day, 7% “man tax” in their efforts to raise awareness of the ongoing nationwide debate over taxes on feminine hygiene products and the gender inequality women experience when purchasing personal health products.
[www.pharmacytimes.com 21 October 2016]

About new words

New words – 21 November 2016

Richard Newstead/Moment/Getty
Richard Newstead/Moment/Getty
sneakerhead noun [C] UK /ˈsniː.kə.hed/, US /ˈsniː.kɚ.hed/
someone who owns, buys and sells sneakers (UK= trainers), especially those with rare or unusual designs

With celebrities from Kanye West to Pharrell Williams now designing their own styles for Nike and Adidas, respectively, sneakerheads have gone from a subculture to dominating the culture.
[Newsweek 21 May 2016]

glunge noun [U] /glʌndʒ/
a type of fashion that combines glamour and grunge

What do you get if you merge glamour with a dose of grunge a la X Factor’s Rita Ora? Glunge, duh!
[Reveal 04 January 2016]

shacket noun [C] /ˈʃæk.ɪt/
a light jacket, similar to a shirt

Step forward the shacket: the shirt-come-jacket. The shacket … is heavier than a cotton shirt but lighter than say, a denim or utility jacket.
[The Telegraph 15 March 2016]

About new words

New words – 14 November 2016

Moxie Productions/Blend Images/Getty
Moxie Productions/Blend Images/Getty

socialating noun [U] UK /ˈsəʊ.ʃə.leɪ.tɪŋ/, US /ˈsoʊ.ʃə.leɪ.tɪŋ
the practice of combining a romantic date with a social outing with friends

Socialating means pretty much what it sounds like – sociable dating – and is a growing trend amongst people who like to mix meeting new people with hanging out with their mates.
[www.mysinglefriend.com 27 April 2016]

ghosting noun [U] UK /’gəʊs.tɪŋ/, US /’goʊs.tɪŋ/
the practice of ending a romantic relationship by suddenly breaking off contact with the other person

There’s now officially a word for that weird phase out/disappearing act that people can do to end a relationship before pretty much ceasing contact all together – and it’s called ‘ghosting’.
[Marie Claire 12 September 2016]

TWAG noun [C] /twæg/
tech wife and girlfriend: the wife or girlfriend of a entrepreneur in the technology industry

Silicon Valley has become the new Hollywood, as moguls and social media barons take over from film stars and sportsmen not just on rich lists, but as alpha men. Being a co-founder of a company is this decade’s equivalent to being a rock star or a chef. If their attractiveness to models and actresses proves anything, then being a TWAG […] is a ‘thing’.
[The Sun 25 July 2016]

About new words

New words – 7 November 2016

LousHiemstra/iStock/Getty
LousHiemstra/iStock/Getty

vertical farming noun [U] UK /ˌvɜː.tɪ.kəlˈfɑː.mɪŋ/, US /ˌvɝː.t̬ə.kəlˈfɑːr.mɪŋ/
a farming technique in which food crops are grown in vertical stacks

Proponents of vertical farming call it the “third green revolution”, analogizing the developments to Apple and Tesla. They tout the potential of such technology to address food shortages as the world population continues to grow.
[The Guardian 14 August 2016]

Clexit noun [U] /’klek.sɪt/
an exit by a country from international climate treaties

First there was Brexit […]. Now a movement is building that would further stun the supranationalists: an exit from the United Nations climate change protocol, dubbed “Clexit.” Brexit happened, and Clexit could be next.
[The Washington Times 11 August 2016]

chemical tax noun [C or U] /ˈkem.ɪ.kəl ˌtæks/
a tax on the purchase of items that are difficult to recycle

The Swedish government is planning tax breaks on various items to encourage repairs and recycling. The aim is to make Sweden less wasteful and make the economy more friendly to the environment. […] Buying new white goods and computers will also be made more expensive, thanks to a new so-called chemical tax on hard-to-recycle goods.
[www.bbc.co.uk/news 19 September 2016]

About new words

New words – 31 October 2016

Guido Mieth/DigitalVision/Getty
Guido Mieth/DigitalVision/Getty

ghost driver noun [C] UK /’gəʊst ˌdraɪ.və/, US /’goʊst ˌdraɪ.vɚ/
a taxi driver who uses a frightening profile photograph to encourage the passenger to cancel the taxi ride

The practice, which has been nicknamed the ghost driver issue, involves scam drivers using gruesome pictures that force users to hit “cancel” when they see who is coming to pick them up, and pay a cancellation fee. [The Telegraph 20 September 2016]

creepy clown noun [C] /ˈkriː.pi ˌklaʊn/
someone who dresses up as a clown in order to frighten people

… [C]reepy clown sightings are cropping up across the country without explanation. [www.rollingstone.com 29 September 2016]

trumpkin noun [C] /’trʌmpkɪn/
a pumpkin made to look like Donald Trump

People are carving their pumpkins to resemble Donald Trump in what is undeniably one of Halloween’s scariest offerings. The ‘Trumpkin’ is taking over social media with hundreds of people carving out or painting ridiculous expressions onto their vegetables.  [Metro 13 October 2016]

About new words

New words – 24 October 2016

Hero Images/Getty
Hero Images/Getty

bobu noun [C] UK /’bəʊ.bu:/ US /’boʊ.bu:/
a businessman who leads a bohemian lifestyle

Welcome to the world of the bobu — bohemian businessman — the new breed of freedom-seeking creative entrepreneur. He either rejects the world of conventional employment or has been rejected by it.
[The Times 25 September 2016]

Gen Z noun [U] UK /ˌdʒen ‘zed/ US /ˌdʒen ‘zi:/
a way of referring to the group of people born between the late 1990s and the early 2010s

Marketing has a new buzzword: Gen Z. Younger than millennials, the next generation is more reliant on digital than its predecessor, forcing brands to get more creative in their marketing.
[Adweek 28 September 2016]

midult noun [C] /ˈmɪd.ʌlt/
someone, especially a woman, in the middle stage of adulthood who has interests more associated with those of younger people

Marketers and political pundits are fond of identifying new demographic groups […] The latest is the Midult – a phrase coined by journalists Emilie McMeekan and Annabel Rivkin to describe a new tribe of women aged 35-55. The Midult is being described as more than just a demographic but a movement and a mindset.
[www.translatemedia.com 13 July 2016]

About new words

New words – 17 October 2016

Thomas Faull/iStock/Getty
Thomas Faull/iStock/Getty

chatbot noun [C] UK /’tʃæt.bɒt/ US /’tʃæt.bɑːt/
a software program that uses artificial intelligence to mimic conversation with the user

Nadella and Marcus see chatbots – computer programs that you interact with by “chatting” – for example in threads in messaging apps – as an important new human/machine interface.

[The Guardian 18 September 2016]

blockchain noun [C]  UK /’blɒk.tʃeɪn/ US /’blɑːk.tʃeɪn/
an encrypted database of online transactions

Most have heard of bitcoin, fewer are familiar with blockchain. Bitcoin uses blockchain to form a peer-to-peer (P2P) payment system.

[www.forbes.com 30 September 2016]

commjacking noun [U]  UK /ˈkɒm.dʒæk.ɪŋ/ US /ˈkɑːm.dʒæk.ɪŋ/
a method of intercepting the data flow on a wifi network

This notion of commjacking was invented to describe the ability to hijack the communication channel between any device and the WiFi or cellular networks to which it is connected. Commjacking gives the attacker the ability to eavesdrop on conversations, intercept data transmissions to and from the device, and manipulate the data, or the device itself.

[The Telegraph 20 September 2016]

About new words

New words – 10 October 2016

isayildiz/iStock/Getty
isayildiz/iStock/Getty

freakshake noun [C] /’friːk.ʃeɪk/
a milkshake made with ice cream and other sweet foods including cream, chocolate and cake

Could there be a more epic drink (if you can call it a drink) than the freakshake? Originating in Australia, these monstrous concoctions promise to fix all your sugar cravings at once with their combo of milky goodness, rich, gooey cake, cookie chunks, lashings of cream and a carnival of colourful toppings.

[Time Out 12 July 2016]

frosé noun [C or U] UK /ˈfrəʊ.zeɪ/, US /froʊ.ˈzeɪ/
a type of alcoholic drink made of frozen rosé wine mixed with sugar, lemon juice and sometimes other alcoholic drinks

Seemingly kick-started over social media, frosé has emerged as the latest drink of choice for sun worshipping Instagrammers, with wine-lovers taking to their apps to show their appreciation for a bottle of frozen blush.

[Standard 21 June 2016]

hamdog noun [C] UK /ˈhæm.dɒg/, US /ˈhæm.dɑːg/
a combination of a hamburger and a hot dog

An entrepreneur in Australia is hoping to make plenty of dough after inventing the “hamdog”. Despite securing a US patent for the “combination hamburger hot dog bread bun” in 2009, Mr Murray failed to obtain funding from potential investors.

[The Telegraph 20 September 2016]

About new words

New words – 3 October 2016

Graiki/Moment Open/Getty
Graiki/Moment Open/Getty

extreme phone pinching noun the practice of holding a mobile phone between the thumb and forefinger and dangling it over a perilous place while taking a selfie

Have you got what it takes to stomach the extreme phone pinching challenge? No, seriously.

[http://www.telegraph.co.uk 05 October 2015]

gloving noun dance performed with the hands while wearing special gloves with LED lights

To get why gloving has become so huge, you have to understand EDM, the American version of house music.

[www.theguardian.com 20 December 2015]

pabebe noun a style of waving with the fingers closed

Millions of people in the Philippines and beyond are taking pictures of themselves giving a cute little wave called the ‘Pabebe’.

[www.bbc.co.u 29 October 2015]

About new words