a plate of fried chicken covered in bright red sauce and sprinkled with sesame seeds

New words – 7 March 2022

a plate of fried chicken covered in bright red sauce and sprinkled with sesame seeds
Yutthana Rae / iStock / Getty Images Plus

swicy adjective
having a taste that is both sweet and spicy

Mash-ups like “swicy” reflect an even wider embrace of flavor fusions that marry savory spices and heat with sweetness. Nene, a South Korean-based fried chicken chain that is just starting to move into North America, has even named a sauce swicy. Its flavor profile mirrors what would happen if gochujang and ketchup had a baby.
[nytimes, 28 December 2021]

carnisplorer noun [C]
UK /ˈkɑː.nɪˌsplɔː.rəʳ/ US /ˈkɑːr.nɪˌsplɔːr.ɚ/
a person who is interested in tasting and cooking many different parts of an animal, especially those that are normally less popular with other people who eat meat

Are you a “carnisplorer”? I hadn’t heard this one before, but according to Oliver Chadwyck-Healey, the Waitrose meat buyer … the food chain is seeing more demand for nuggets such as lamb’s liver and oxtail as we become more creative cooks. “These adventurous carnisplorers are embracing nose-to-tail eating,” says Oliver, adding that it’s a more sustainable way of eating.
[telegraph.co.uk, 6 February 2022]

seaganism noun [U]
the practice of eating only plant-based foods and seafood

The last decade saw a rise in pescatarians and flexitarians. Now, at the start of the 2020s, a new trend is picking up steam: seaganism, where people follow a vegan diet but include sustainably sourced seafood for healthy extra protein and an occasional fleshy treat. Seagans not only add fish to mealtimes for variety but to benefit from high quality omega-3 fatty acids that can be hard to source on a traditional vegan diet.
[msc.org, 18 January 2021]

About new words

a mask-wearing woman shopping for large quantities of food and other goods

New words – 28 February 2022

a mask-wearing woman shopping for large quantities of food and other goods
FatCamera / E+ / Getty

FORO noun [U]
UK /ˈfəʊrəʊ/ US /ˈfoʊroʊ/
abbreviation for “fear of running out”: a worried feeling that you may run out of a product or a supply of something

While consumers have been picking up extra tins of tuna and packs of rice, this behaviour repeated on toilet paper is very noticeable as there are just not as many units for sale on the shelf as the products themselves are so much larger. The larger product size and fewer units kept combined with FORO has caused the out of stocks. These out of stocks have fuelled FORO even more creating a vicious cycle of demand.
[internetretailing.com.au, 23 April 2020]

FONO noun [U]
UK /ˈfəʊnəʊ/ US /ˈfoʊnoʊ/
abbreviation for “fear of normal”: a worried feeling about going back to your normal life and activities after the restrictions of the Covid-19 pandemic

A recent Washington Post article talked about a new phenomenon some are starting to experience, as the end of COVID flashes on our collective horizon. It’s like FOMO (“fear of missing out”), for the post-pandemic world: FONO. FONO refers to the “fear of normal,” an unexpected reaction that many of us face, as lockdown and social distancing measures loosen and wind down.
[supportiv.com, 30 March 2021]

HOGO noun [U]
UK /ˈhəʊgəʊ/ US /ˈhoʊgoʊ/
abbreviation for “hassle of going out”: a feeling that leaving the house in order to socialise is too difficult or not worth the trouble

After months at a time spent indoors in comfortable clothes tucking into takeaways during various lockdowns, a phenomenon dubbed “HOGO” (the hassle of going out) appears to be taking hold. Pent up desire to get out and about when Covid-19 safety restrictions were finally lifted across the UK seems to have dissipated for many households. Now, instead of enjoying a meal out, a concert or sporting fixture many people have grown weary of socialising outside of their homes.
[inews.co.uk, 21 November 2021]

About new words

a woman standing alone in a forest with her arms outstretched

New words – 21 February 2022

a woman standing alone in a forest with her arms outstretched
Adrià Escobet Montalban / EyeEm / Getty

nature prescription noun [C, U]
UK /ˌneɪ.tʃə prɪˈskrɪp.ʃᵊn/ US /ˌneɪ.tʃɚ prɪˈskrɪp.ʃᵊn/
an instruction from a doctor to a patient to engage with nature and spend time outdoors as a way of helping to treat physical and mental illnesses without the use of medication

Slowing down to smell the roses is now recognised by Scottish GPs as a potent remedy for conditions that range from obesity and diabetes to dementia and depression. The people behind a “nature prescription” pilot scheme in Edinburgh say their experiment has been so successful it should be implemented nationwide. In the project NHS medics worked with the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) Scotland to encourage patients to connect with nature.
[thetimes.co.uk, 16 January 2022]

flurona noun [U]
UK /ˌfluːˈrəʊ.nə/ US /ˌfluːˈroʊ.nə/
a name that describes the condition of being infected with flu and COVID-19 at the same time

Many people around the world kicked off 2022 by searching for more information about “flurona,” after Israel reported that two young pregnant women had tested positive for both the coronavirus and the flu … While the word is relatively new and rising in popularity, cases of flu and coronavirus co-infections are not. And flurona is not a distinct disease but refers to when a person has been infected with both viruses.
[washingtonpost.com, 6 January 2022]

space anaemia noun [U]
/ˌspeɪs əˈniː.mi.ə/
a medical condition experienced by some astronauts when they land on another planet in which their body does not make enough red blood cells

“Space anaemia is uncovered upon landing on a new planet and must be reversed otherwise symptoms of weakness, fatigue and low working capacity can endanger mission objectives,” [said] Guy Trudel, a rehabilitation physician and researcher … “The gravity at the new planet would impact the recovery from space anaemia. This is a consideration that we might have underestimated when it comes to colonising other planets,” he said.
[inews.co.uk, 14 January 2022]

About new words

wind turbines and solar panels in a field

New words – 14 February 2022

wind turbines and solar panels in a field
P. Steeger / The Image Bank / Getty

greenflation noun [U]
an increase in prices resulting from the move to a green economy

Vaibhav Chaturvedi, a fellow at the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), sees “greenflation”, or the costs associated with going green, as a concern, especially in the short-term. “Underlying commodity prices are rising everywhere in the world,” he said. Prices of metals such as tin, aluminium, copper, nickel-cobalt have risen by up to 91 per cent this year. These metals are used in technologies that are a part of the energy transition.
[euronews.com, 22 November 2021]

cyan shopper noun [C]
UK /ˌsaɪ.ᵊn ˈʃɒp.əʳ/ US /ˌsaɪ.ᵊn ˈʃɑː.p.ɚ/
someone who tries to buy only environmentally friendly products

From rubbish-filled oceans to depleted forests, consumers have never been more aware of the world’s eco challenges. And it’s this wide-ranging environmental concern of “cyan shoppers” (blue for the ocean and green for trees) that will increasingly drive their purchasing decisions.
[springwise.com, 26 November 2021]

smog tower noun [C]
UK /ˌsmɒg.ˈtaʊəʳ/ US /ˌsmɒg.ˈtaʊɚ/
a tall, narrow structure that uses fans and filters to clean the air in an area where there is a lot of air pollution

India’s capital New Delhi has opened its first “smog tower”, aimed at reducing the air pollution blamed for thousands of premature deaths every year, but experts are sceptical … The tower cost $2m and critics say erecting a sufficient number to clean the air substantially across the city would cost huge amounts of public money, and that efforts would be better directed at the sources of the smog.
[aljazeera.com, 23 August 2021]

About new words

a dog in a police harness

New words – 7 February 2022

a dog in a police harness
HowardOates / iStock / Getty Images Plus

digi-dog noun [C]
UK /ˈdɪdʒ.ɪ.dɒg/ US /ˈdɪdʒ.ɪ.dɑːg/
a dog trained by the police to use its sense of smell to find digital devices that have been used by criminals

Whether it’s a Sim card from a drug gang’s burner phone, a key fob for a getaway car, a terrorist’s mobile phone [or] a laptop in a fraud case … Jake and his fellow “digi-dogs” can sniff it out. “On every digital storage device there is a chemical that has a very specific scent,” explains the instructor, one of three dog handlers who have been spearheading the Met’s digi-dog training scheme.
[thetimes.co.uk, 12 December 2021]

shellfish hotel noun [C]
UK /ˈʃel.fɪʃ həʊˈtel/ US /ˈʃel.fɪʃ hoʊˈtel/
a place where shellfish that will be sold for food are kept in conditions that are as close as possible to the natural environment where they usually live

Not just a restaurant, Hackney’s The Sea, The Sea is also a seafood processing lab … On site are live lobster and crab, housed in a high-tech “shellfish hotel” made up of specialist filtration tanks that mimic their natural habitat as closely as possible, keeping these delicious decapods relaxed and serene.
[globetrender.com, 23 September 2021]

flockdown noun [U, C]
UK /ˈflɒk.daʊn/ US /ˈflɑːk.daʊn/
a period of time in which captive birds, especially chickens, must be kept indoors to stop avian flu from spreading

UK birds to enter “flockdown” in response to bird flu threat. UK-wide housing measures will be introduced to protect poultry and captive birds against avian influenza, the Chief Veterinary Officers for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have agreed.
[Farmers Guardian, 24 November 2021]

About new words

a laptop computer on a table, with an email inbox displayed on the screen

New words – 31 January 2022

a laptop computer on a table, with an email inbox displayed on the screen

Nipitphon Na Chiangmai / EyeEm / Getty

clean inboxer noun [C]
UK /ˌkliːn ˈɪn.bɒk.səʳ/ US /ˌkliːn ˈɪn.bɑːk.sɚ/
someone who reads and takes action on every email they receive when they receive it, so that there are never any unread emails in their inbox

As a fellow clean inboxer, I’ll give you the same advice a former boss gave me after a 4-week medical leave: “Delete it. Delete it all. If it’s important, they’ll email again.”
[Leigh Morgan, twitter.com, 22 February 2020]

tattleware noun [U]
UK /ˈtæt.ᵊl.weəʳ/ US /ˈtæt̬.ᵊl.wer/
software that allows an employer to monitor the activity of someone who is working from home, in particular to make sure the employee is working when they are supposed to be

A growing cottage industry of what some managers call “tattleware” now caters to company leaders wanting some way to peer over workers’ shoulders and confirm their productivity. Several time-tracking and employee-monitoring companies … told The Washington Post they have seen their customer base and revenue soar since the pandemic pushed many companies remote.
[washingtonpost.com, 30 April 2020]

DAO noun [C]
UK /ˌdiː.eɪˈəʊ/ US /ˌdiː.eɪˈoʊ/
abbreviation for decentralized autonomous organization: an organisation or company that exists online and is managed according to a set of rules that exist in the form of computer code, with financial transactions being carried out by members using cryptocurrency

DAOs can come in all shapes and structures, but simply put, “a DAO is an internet community with a shared bank account,” Cooper Turley, an investor and builder of several popular DAOs, tells CNBC Make It. “Basically, a small group of people come together to form a chat group, and then they decide to pull capital together, [typically] using an Ethereum wallet,” Turley says. From there, they decide how to fund their DAO’s mission collectively, he says.
[cnbc.com, 25 October 2021]

About new words

an ornate analogue watch with a decorated face

New words – 24 January 2022

an ornate analogue watch with a decorated face
jinjo0222988 / iStock / Getty Images Plus

dial artist noun [C]
UK /ˈdaɪ.əl ˌɑː.tɪst/ US /ˈdaɪ.əl ˌɑːr.t̬ɪst/
someone who is paid to alter a watch by painting it, engraving it etc. in a unique design

It’s hard to escape the current trend for personalisation … And now watches have got in on the act. When it comes to watch customisation there are two distinct routes: either go official and buy from a brand that is already offering the service, or go rogue and purchase from dealers and “dial artists” who can reinvent your Rolex and pimp your Patek so it’s truly a one-off.
[thetimes.co.uk, 21 November 2021]

neck mess noun [C]
/ˈnek ˌmes/
an arrangement of necklaces of different lengths and styles all worn at the same time in a way that is deliberately untidy

If you’re looking for an easy put-together layered look this Christmas, then the neck mess is for you. But what exactly is a neck mess? The latest take on necklace layering, it is a perfectly imperfect assemble of your favourite necklaces. An artful arrangement of pendants, chains, and chokers, styled with a thrown together attitude. A trend with its own hashtag – #neckmess, this new, popular take on jewellery styling already has a devoted following.
[blog.scarletocean.com, 18 October 2021]

demi-fine adjective
Demi-fine jewellery is made from precious metals like gold and silver but is not as expensive as fine jewellery

In the world of Zoom, Teams and Google Meet, a wave of young consumers are investing in demi-fine pendants, earrings and chains to elevate their everyday wear on screen — without the fine jewellery price tag … While the jewellery market declined 18 per cent from 2019-2020 according to Euromonitor, demi-fine brands like Missoma, Catbird, Monica Vinader and Maria Black have seen double-digit growth.
[voguebusiness.com, 20 January 2021]

About new words

puppy eating from a food bowl

New words – 17 January 2022

puppy eating from a food bowl
Stefan Cristian Cioata / Moment / Getty

carbon pawprint noun [C]
UK /ˌkɑː.bᵊn ˈpɔː.prɪnt/ US /ˌkɑːr.bᵊn ˈpɑː.prɪnt/
a measurement of the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere produced through activities relating to owning a pet

Our dogs’ carbon pawprints are largely related to their diets, with carbon-intensive ingredients such as meat being the main contributing factor … It has been estimated that the carbon pawprint associated with owning a medium sized dog is roughly twice that of running a typical SUV car, and the dogs in the USA are responsible for emissions equivalent to 13 million cars, or 64 million tonnes of CO2 per year.
[vetchef.com, 9 March 2021]

planetarian noun [C]
UK /ˌplæn.əˈteə.ri.ən/ US /ˌplæn.əˈter.i.ən/
someone who buys, prepares and eats food in a way designed to have the smallest possible impact on the planet

Eating less meat and dairy is one of the ways we can have a positive impact on the future of the planet, as multiple studies on climate change have demonstrated … If you’ve ever tried Meatless Monday, vegan before 6, or any other not-vegan-all-the-time method in an effort to reduce your meat consumption, you’re probably on your way to becoming a planetarian.
[cnn.com, 6 December 2021]

pollution lockdown noun [C]
UK /pəˌluː.ʃᵊn ˈlɒk.daʊn/ US /pəˌluː.ʃᵊn ˈlɑːk.daʊn/
a period of time in which people are not allowed to leave their homes or travel freely, because of the high levels of pollution in the atmosphere

Delhi has been engulfed in a shroud of smog for the past few weeks. The air pollution has become so severe in India’s capital city that schools have been closed indefinitely, and work-from-home guidelines were implemented in the nation’s first pollution lockdown.
[newframe.com, 7 December 2021]

About new words

man wrapped in a blanket blowing his nose

New words – 10 January 2022

man wrapped in a blanket blowing his nose
Hiraman / E+ / Getty

supercold noun [C]
UK /ˈsuː.pə.kəʊld/ US /ˈsuː.pɚ.koʊld/
a cold that has more serious symptoms than most colds and is often mistaken for Covid-19

A pharmacy chain has released advice for people unsure whether they’re suffering from coronavirus or a “supercold” … As the weather gets colder and winter approaches, there has been a surge in cold and flu cases. Some of these feel more aggressive than usual following last winter’s Covid-19 restrictions, leading to the nickname “supercold”.
[cambridge-news.co.uk, 13 November 2021]

holistorexia noun [U]
UK /həˌlɪs.təˈrek.si.ə/ US /hoʊˌlɪs.təˈrek.si.ə/
a mental illness where someone has an extreme obsession with their health and wellness

Hour-long meditations, ever-changing diet fads and an aversion to medical professionals – these could all be signs of so-called “holistorexia”. There’s a warning that some people can get so obsessed with wellness and “all things health” that it can actually make them ill. It can involve “alternative” therapies and practices that can prove time-consuming, expensive and even dangerous for those who take or follow them.
[newstalk.com, 30 June 2021]

vaccine envy noun [U]
resentment felt by someone waiting to receive the Covid-19 vaccination towards people who have already been vaccinated

Many of us have experienced loss during the pandemic — the loss of loved ones, jobs, routines, and a sense of safety. These losses wear on our patience and our ability to deal with strong feelings. As a result, waiting for a vaccine can seem especially difficult and lead us to vaccine envy. It might even feel like a new kind of loss. But the good news is that there are things we can do to cope while we wait for our shot.
[medium.com, 30 April 2021]

About new words

woman with grey hair, sunglasses and brightly-coloured scarf driving an open-topped car

New words – 3 January 2022

woman with grey hair, sunglasses and brightly-coloured scarf driving an open-topped car
Andreas Kuehn / The Image Bank / Getty

Queenager noun [C]
UK /ˈkwiːnˌeɪ.dʒəʳ/ US /ˈkwiːnˌeɪ.dʒɚ/
a woman of middle age or older who leads a busy life, dresses stylishly and enjoys having fun

On the small screen, it is Queenagers extraordinaires Jane Fonda and Lily Tomlin who have rewritten the rules with their hit TV show Grace and Frankie. This comedy is a revolutionary portrayal of two women in their 80s, who despite many obstacles, have no trouble having a good time. In fact, it’s the ultimate Queenage fantasy.
[telegraph.co.uk, 6 June 2021]

silvfluencer noun [C]
UK /ˈsɪlv.flu.ən.səʳ/ US /ˈsɪlv.flu.ən.sɚ/
a middle-aged or elderly person who encourages people to buy items such as clothing and make-up by recommending them on social media, and is paid by companies to do so

The silvfluencers are all about refined eccentricity … Despite having reached an age where they know what suits them, they’re not afraid to make a so-called wardrobe mistake. They mix vintage Yves Saint Laurent with & Other Stories, bright colours with optimistic prints, red lipstick with grey hair. They strike unstudied poses and post refreshingly unedited captions.
[thetimes.co.uk, 9 July 2021]

the Elastic Generation noun [S]
/ðiː əˈlæs.tɪk ˌdʒen.əˈreɪ.ʃən/
the group of women aged between 50 and 70 who are well off and have a broad range of interests, seen by the advertising industry as consumers who are likely to spend a lot of money on products, travel etc.

With the Elastic Generation being fashion and beauty’s biggest spenders right now, it only makes sense that older women should be seen representing their off-runway counterparts in the industry. Naomi Campbell … closed the show at Saint Laurent’s Paris Fashion Week Show last season, an honour not usually reserved for those with 49 years under their belts.
[moda-uk.co.uk, 14 February 2020]

About new words