Let’s start with words for not spending a lot of money. Someone who is thrifty spends their money carefully and doesn’t waste it. The adjective frugal is similar but more extreme, describing a person who only buys what is strictly necessary. It suggests that the person has a very simple way of living.
My grandparents were thrifty and saved every penny.
He was frugal in his habits, growing most of his food and mending his clothes until they fell to pieces.
There are several negative adjectives for people who don’t spend enough money. For example, in UK English, someone who is unwilling to spend money, especially on others, is said to be mean and in US English, they are cheap. We also use the informal adjectives stingy and tight and the formal adjective parsimonious with the same meaning:
He was too mean to buy her a proper bed.
I’m too cheap to pay the full price.
He’s so stingy – he never buys anyone a drink.
Come on, don’t be so tight – get yourself a taxi!
She had a reputation for being rather parsimonious.
Her uncle, a miserly old man, refused to help her out.
That old miser, Ebenezer Scrooge.
The basic food ranges appeal to penny-pinching shoppers.
He’s fabulously wealthy, but notoriously tight-fisted.
Despite her wealth, she was a notorious skinflint.
Buy her a present and don’t be such a tightwad!
They’ll think I’m a terrible cheapskate if I turn up empty-handed.
Now let’s look at the opposite – words for spending a lot of money. Someone who is generous is willing to spend a lot on other people. Meanwhile, the adjectives extravagant and lavish mean spending or costing a lot of money (sometimes too much money):
Sophie’s always so generous with her gifts.
The money was used to fund his extravagant lifestyle.
She loved to buy her nieces and nephews lavish presents.
The formal adjective profligate means ‘using and wasting a lot of money or resources’:
They were highly critical of the monarch’s profligate spending.
Finally, a spendthrift is someone who spends a lot of money in a way that is not wise:
He was frequently portrayed as a reckless spendthrift.
I hope you learnt a few new words from this post. My next post will look at a related theme – the language of spending money.