Some of you reading this post will have enjoyed a break from your work or studies over the summer months. You might (I hope!) be feeling refreshed and ready to throw yourself into your work (=start working with energy and enthusiasm). With this in mind, I thought I’d take a look at words and phrases that relate to energy – and a lack of it! Part 1 will look at adjectives in this area and Part 2 will focus on nouns and phrases.
He’s tremendously energetic and hard-working.
The adjective vigorous also means ‘having great energy’ and can be used for people (especially when describing them in particular roles) or for movements:
She was, to the end, a vigorous campaigner for freedom of speech.
I try to do twenty minutes of vigorous exercise, three times a week.
Her bouncy personality and big laugh endeared her to the nation.
He’s a confident young man with a great smile and an effervescent personality.
Other ‘lively’ adjectives have different additional meanings. For example, boisterous often describes groups of people who are lively, noisy and difficult to control:
The rain didn’t seem to bother the boisterous crowd who had gathered to hear her speak.
I’d just taught a rather boisterous class of teenagers.
The adjective sprightly, meaning ‘energetic and healthy’ is often applied to older people:
A sprightly 84-year-old, Jean is a regular at these meetings.
I’ve come back from the course feeling energized and ready to work.
A good holiday should leave you feeling rejuvenated and able to take on life’s challenges.
He remained a tireless promoter of the game well into his eighties.
She was also an indefatigable campaigner against cruelty to animals.
The medication had left her feeling lethargic and depressed.
Ever since she had flu she’s been quite listless.
The fans, fed up with their team’s lacklustre performance, started booing.
Finally, someone who is burnt-out is exhausted with no energy, usually because they have been working too hard:
By the time we’d recorded the fourth album, I was burnt-out.
If you found this post interesting, do look out for the next one in which I look at nouns and phrases relating to energy.