This week we’re looking at adverbs that we use to introduce sentences. We’ll begin with a set of adverbs that we use to show we are grateful for something that happened.
Starting with a very common adverb, fortunately often introduces a sentence in which the speaker talks about a good thing that happened, preventing something bad: It rained all afternoon. Fortunately, we were indoors most of the time.
A car had crashed into the shop. Luckily, no one was hurt.
None of us had coats. Happily, the weather stayed fine all afternoon.
Rosie was there during the terrible storm. Thankfully, she was safe.
If the good thing that happened was extremely lucky, (so lucky that you cannot believe it), you might start the sentence with miraculously: His car fell into a fast-flowing river. Miraculously, he somehow managed to escape.
Of course, there are adverbs that we use in the opposite situation. Unfortunately starts a sentence in which you talk about something bad or disappointing, often something that caused or causes problems for you or someone else: “Are you coming this evening?” “Unfortunately, I’m working.”
Sadly is also used in this way:
Sadly, this didn’t solve the problem.
Sadly, he’s not the public speaker his father was.
(Sadly, as you might expect, also starts sentences in which the speaker relates a sad fact: Sadly, she didn’t live long enough to see her first grandchild.)
Not all adverbs introduce things that are good or bad. The adverb interestingly, as you might imagine, comes before a piece of information that the speaker thinks people will want to know, often because it is surprising: She’s a very respected scientist. Interestingly, she wasn’t very clever at school.
Strangely is used in a similar way, but is more emphatic, introducing something that is the opposite of what you would expect: She was really rude to him. Strangely, he didn’t seem to mind.
Bizarrely at the start of a sentence is even stronger: Bizarrely, this world-famous actor spent her last years in a little village in the English countryside.
Basically, the aim of the project is to raise awareness of the issue.
Essentially, we are trying to stop this water from being wasted.
Sadly, that’s all for this week. Happily, we’ll be back next week with a different subject!